Location : Located in the extreme south of the north east of India.
State Capital : Aizawl
Best Time to Travel : Through out the year.
Official Language : English, Mizo, Hindi.
Tribes : tribes - Ralte, Paite, Dulien, Poi, Sukte, Pankhup, Jahao, Fanai (Molienpui), Molbem, Taute, Lakher, Dalang, Mar, Khuangli, Falam (Tashous), Leillul and Tangur. The three main sub groups in Mizoram are Lushais, Pawis and Lakhers.
Weather Conditions : The Tropic of Cancer runs through the middle of Mizoram. The climate therefore is temperate with cool summers and not-so-cold winters. The state experiences heavy rains from May to September. Winter is very pleasant; the skies are wonderfully blue and the sunshine is immensely enjoyable. Annual rainfall: 250 cm. Average temperatures are 11°-21° C in winter and 20°-29° Celsius in summer.
Mizoram is an out-of-the-way destination in India. If you are expecting a quiet holiday in the middle of the idyllic atmosphere, this is the place to be. Serene lakesides, cascading waterfalls, flourishing hills covered with bamboo forests, morning mists and blue skies, humming pine clusters, quaint villages and houses built on stilts and more.... are the characteristics, which makes Mizoram the "land of highlanders."
Information Tours on Historical Places
The Origin of Mizos
The origin of the Mizos, similar to those of many other tribes in the North Eastern India is obscure. The people of Mizoram are generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat - now Mizoram.
It is believed that, Mizos (the inhabitants of Mizoram) came from Shinlung or Chhinlungsan situated on the banks of the river Yalung in China. It is quite possible that, they first settled in the Shan State and moved on to Kabaw Valley to Khampat and then to the Chin Hills in the middle of the 16th century.
It is believed that they are descendants of Tibetan-Burmese-Mongoloid tribes. The ancestors of the Mizo people are said to have migrated through China, then further past Burma, to finally settle down in the north-eastern part of India some 300 years ago.
The Early Mizos History
The earliest Mizos history revealed around the people who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants were called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes to migrate to and settle down in India.
The historical tour of ancient history tells you about the Mizo history that has its roots from 18th and 19th century AD which is marked by many events of tribal raids and vindictive expeditions of security. The recorded history of the Mizo people begins only in the late 19th century, when they came into contact with the British who were occupying the neighbouring region of Assam. Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of the British-India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters.
The Mizos, the inhabitants of the state, belong to the Mangolian race and seem to have settled at first in Myanmar (Burma). After leaving Myanmar, they proceeded westwards into India and occupied the Lushai Hills. Under the influence of the British Missionaries many Mizos converted to Christianity. The majority of the tribes in the state are Christians and speak mizo and English.
The 20th Century Mizos
The people of Mizoram entered the 20th century, but with little knowledge. They were feared tribes; very superstitious and performed sacrifices; they had no fixed homes, led nomadic lives; they had no script nor currency. And yet, there has been enormous progress made during this century.
The formation of Mizoram State took place on 20th February, 1987.Chief Secretary Lalkhama read out the proclamation of statehood at a public meeting organised at Aizawl's Parade Ground. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi flew in to Aizawl to inaugurate the new state. Hiteshwar Saikia was appointed as Governor of Mizoram.
The Physiology of Mizoram
High hills, deep gorges, running rivers and swirling streams and blue mountains make up the landscape of Mizoram. The highest peak is 2165 m above sea level. The average height of the hills is 700 m and they all run in ridges from north to south. The rivers, running through Mizoram are Tlawang, Sonai, Tuivawl, Kolodine and Kamaphuli. The evergreen hills contain timber trees, bamboo and wild bananas. Orchids, begonias, rhododendrons and geraniums flowers make up the brilliant colours of the flora of the state.