The undulating state of Nagaland India is extremely charming and lovingly beautiful. A home to as many as sixteen tribes, the state has much to explore. The virgin terrains of the state are breathtakingly enchanting. You must visit Naga City to experience the panorama of nature, the warmth and hospitality of people, lavish blossoms and coy rivers making their way through the rugged terrains. If you are the victim of hectic monotonous lifestyle and then Nagaland tourism is for you.
How to Reach
By Air: Dimapur is the only airport in Nagaland India and it is well connected by
flights from Delhi and Calcutta and the rest of the country.
By Rail: The important railhead in Nagaland India is Dimapur on the North Eastern
By Road: The towns and villages of Nagaland India are connected by the Nagaland
State Transport Association. You can travel by buses which are frequent from Dimapur to Guwahati,
Cities of Nagaland
This City of River People, is the biggest and most advanced
industrialized city of the state. The District derives its name from a
dialect of Kachari in which di - means river, ma -
means great or big, and pur - means city, together denotative as
the city near the great river. You can enjoy sightseeing in
Dimapur at Chumukedima (the first headquarters of the erstwhile Naga Hills
District of Assam State when there was reign of British in early 19th
century), Ruzaphema (for frolic and shopping of handicrafts), Triple Falls
(a three tier waterfall), Governor's Camp (picnickers, rafters, anglers and
campers delight) and Itankagi Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Dzukou Valley in Kohima is extremely beautiful. The hills, the cliffs,
the landscape, the brooks, are ultimately vibrant. The valley is all the
more beautiful and fragrant in the season of spring with blossoms all
around. The herbs, the flowers like white, red, yellow and pink
rhododendrons, yellow Caltha Palustris and white anemones. Different flowers
dominate different seasons. Surprisingly 360 varieties of orchids grow in
Kiphire City:This tourist hot spot has many travel attractions like
Saramati Peak (the highest peak of Nagaland), Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Cave
at Salomi, Cave at Mimi, Sukhayap (Lover's Paradise),
Wawade Waterfalls, Twin Stones, Village of Siphi, Mikhi (the river of salt)
and Yingphi or Yingphire (absolutely rich in historical spots, legends and
Mokokchung City:If you visit Mokokchung, do check out
the tourist spots and places of interest like caves of Fusen kei and Mongzu Ki,
Longritzu Lenden and Tangkum Marok (springs), Ungma ( oldest and the largest
Ao village) and Chuchuyimlang (festival village of Ao).
Peren City: This tourist village destination is abound with ethnicity and
traditions. The famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Benuru (rich
in traditional values), Mt. Pauna Tourist Village and Mt. Pauna (the third
highest peak of Nagaland).
Festivals of Nagaland
Nagaland India is a place where fairs and festivals are celebrated round the
year. Various tribes and village observe diffent festivals. Among the famous
Festivals of Angami: This tribe celebrates SEKRENYI in the
month of February to seek health and welfare of the whole community. People
are all glad and happily celebrate by boozing, and eating pork.
Festival of Ao: The Ao tribe observe MOASTSU MONG for three
days in the month of May after completing sowing. The festival tour is occasion
of celebration, dancing, singing and frolicking. 'Sangpangtu' is one of the
symbolic celebrations of this festivals where men and women sit around a big
lit fire. Another festival of Aos is TSUNGREM MONG in the August. This
festival is for upcoming generation and village youths to exhibit their
intellectual dexterity and physical prowess.
Festival of Chakhesang: This community celebrates seven
festivals in whole year which are SUHKRUHNYE - 15th January, NGUNYE - 1st
February, TSAKRONYE - 1st Sunday of March 4, TSUKHANYE / TSUKHENYIE - 6th
May, KHUTHONYE - 15th July, TURHINYE - 25th August, THURINYE / KHILUVATU -
1st December. SUHKRUHNYE is the most important festival of this tribe.
Festival of Chang: This tribe observes six major festivals
annually namely POANG LEM, JEINYU LEM, KUDANG LEM by Haongang community, and
MOUNG LEM, NAKNYU LEM and MONYU LEM. These festivals are celebrated with
great enthusiasm till date.
Festival of Zemi: SANKARNI is the most important festival of
Zemis. It is celebrated at the same time when Sivaratri is celebrated. A
week long festival is for smoking and boozing for merriment.
Festival of Sumi: The sumis celebrate a post harvest
festival AHUNA which bespeaks the manifestation of thanks giving spree.
TULUNI another festival which is celebrated in mid July. People drink wine
named Tulini a rice beer.
The Hornbill Festival: It is not a traditional festival of
Nagas but a showcase of of Naga culture, cuisine and handicrafts. Different
tribes display their own unique cultural assets. Musical gigs and various
entertainment programs keep the tourists and the participant occupied with
The inhabitants of Nagaland destination in North East India are called 'Naga' which has incepted from
'Nagna' means naked. It is so because the Nagas are known for avowed for
their sparseness of clothes. There are fourteen major Naga tribes namely the
Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khemungan, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury,
Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Yimchunge and Zeliang. All these tribes live happily
with each other. They have different traditions, languages, occupations and
The People and Their Life style
The Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid family. Nagas are assiduous people
with a strong inclination for their values, ethical mores and self esteem.
They are courteous and cheerful and sanguine. You will easily confront the
Nagas with a glee lit face. Nagas are of sub medium height with a low face
indice, straight hair. You will find the Zeliang and Pochury tribes of
Kohima very humble and rustic. The tusensang tribe are modest and natural.
Social and Cultural Ethos
Some cultural customs of the tribes are same like head hunting, common
sleeping house for unmarried men which are taboo to women, a sort of trial
marriage, or great freedom of intercourse between the sexes before marriage,
disposal of dead on raised platforms, the simple loom for weaving cloth.
There is absence of any caste sysytem among Naga and non Naga tribe. Rather
the tribes are asundered into twelve totems based on the great forefathers.
Recent advent of Gotra system among tribes is remarkable. Marriage in the
same totem is restricted but modernization has impacted it and hence now
young people do not abide by it.
Wildlife Holiday Tours of Nagaland
The state has two wildlife sanctuaries. Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary and
Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary.
Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary Tour
The Fakim Sanctuary in Nagaland India is nearby the border of Myanmar. It is full
of numerous flora and fauna. You will find the trees of Bonsum, Bogipoma,
Khasi Pine, Oaks, Amari, Gamari, Hollock, Nahor, Uriam, Alder, Kachnar, Sasi
here. As the foprests here receive plenty of rains, the woods are brimmed
with undergrowth shrubs, Dalchini and Tejpatta. If you will go in the months
of March and April, you will gte to see blooming Rhododendrons, varieties of
Bamboo and Cane.
The fauna of the sanctuary is packed with Tiger, Hoolock gibbons, Panther,
Jungle Cat, Himalayan Bear, Bison, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slender
Loris. Some beautiful birds that are found in this sanctuary are Indian Horn
Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc
are the important birds of the region.
Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary
A wildlife holiday safari in the Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland is preserved by the Forest
Wildlife Department. It is a shelter to various animals including some rare
species of birds. The sanctuary boasts of having rich and varied treasure of
flora & fauna. This Sanctuary is a home to Hoolock Gibbon (the only
Gibbon found in India), Elephant, Mithun, Sambar, Barking Deer, Goral,
Flying Squirrel, Wild Dog, Tiger, Sloth Bear. The birds you can locate here
are Kaleej and common pheasant, Hornbill and Black Stor.
Adventure Holiday Tours in Nagaland
Nagaland is a pleasantly charming land with avant garde trekking routes.
Nagaland hills are archetypal ones where trekking and campaigning will be
absolute fun. Adventure holiday sports are extremely thrilling here because of azure
hills and clichéd expanses. You can enjoy trekking in the state
traversing through vestal and uninfluenced terrains. From the month of
November to March Japfu Peak in Kohima is a trekkers delight. Another trek
for you is Dzukou Valley. It is a marvelous valley for trekking expeditions.
It has a roving rivulet and in the spring season you will see wildflowers
and pink and white rhododendrons.
Shopping in Nagaland
!!... so you are interested in shopping during Nagaland tourism. Great idea indeed ! As
other tribes, Nagas also have their own own expertise in handicrafts. The
art and craft of Nagaland is clannish and chic. The Nagas have a knack of
Bamboo Work, Wood Carving, Pottery and Blacksmitthy. So you have a wide
variety of products to choose from. Go to the local bazaars and be a proud
owner of these comely articles.
As the state has forests abundant of Bamboo and Cane, Nagas are adept
basket creators. This art is limited to the males of the village. The
baskets which they make are for multiphasic. One basket is for domestic
purpose, for storage and the other basket is for outdoor purpose like
carrying it for daily usage. These baskets are of different shapes. These
are triobe specific, for instance, a conical shaped basket is representative
of Aos, a cylindrical shaped basket is of Angamis. Apart from these baskets
Nagas also make mats, shields, drinking cups Chungas-, necklaces,
armlets, and leggings of cane.
The affluent family of the village have the best wood carvings on their
houses. They use simple wood carving instruments and motifs are equally
simple and symbolic like carving of mithun head (denoting wealth), hornbill
(denoting valor), human figure (denoting success in hunting), elephant,
tiger (denoting physical aptitude).
Pottery is not that popular and but hence practiced in very few villages.
Without using a revolving wheel the Nagas make the pots by their hands only.
Limited to women folk of the village it is not very profitable.
It is a recent but popular craft. The blacksmiths make the everyday use
article for the villagers like Dao, axe, sickle, knives, spear points,
muzzle loading guns and butts. Different tribes have their own perspective
about the trade of blacksmithy.
Fundamentally both the sexes are fond of wearing and adorning themselves
with colorful ornaments. Naga soldiers wears a miniature trophy masks as a
pendant in a chain or necklace symbolizing their valor as headhunters. You
will like to see the Naga bracelets and bangles. Nagas make ornaments of
shells which have a aesthetic quality.
Art of Nagaland
Naga women are dexterous weavers and make chromatic and jazzy shawls, bags
and jackets. They use back strap and fly shuttle loom for weaving. Different
tribes has set types of motifs, patters, designs and colors according to the
folklores of the tribes. These weaved clothes are adorned with beads, shells
and hair of goat to for ostentation of wealth.
This is also performed by Naga women. Till recent times every maiden should
know spinning to get married. Usually the procedure of spinning is nothing
While dyeing the Nagas use vibrant colors like red, blue and less often
yellow. Dyeing is prohibited before harvest believing that process of dyeing
can perish the crops.
folklores and music is passed down from one generation to the other and so
the Nagas has music inbred in them. They play a common musical instrument
'Petu', Theku a string instrument and a wind instrument flute.
Trumpet is used by the people to keep away the wild animals. Guitar is
gaining popularity and is in vogue in Nagaland today. The songs of Nagas can
be classified into different categories like:
Heliamleu or dancing songs: these are romantic love
songs composed and sung by both young and old people.
Hereileu or war songs: Sung by the old people to
commemorate the triumphs and forfeit at wars, to relive the bygone glorious
Neuleu or legendry songs: These are composed by the old
people of the village to solemnize their important and remarkable events.
Hekialeu or songs about self: Old people compose these
songs to narrate their achivements in their career when they were young and
Hekialeu or a duet: Generally it is sung by the young
lads and lasses of the clan. These songs are composed by both young and old
You can get an acumen of the taciturnity of the Nagas through the tribal
dances. These dances are tribe specific and people wear vibrant attires,
gaudy jewelery and of course a sweet smile. The dances are named after the
hand and leg gestures and movements of the dancers. Be it a festival or a
ceremony, harvest or recreation, Nagas always have a reason to celebrate and
rejoice by dancing. Their dances full of liveliness and they use props