One of the seven states in the North East, Tripura is believed to be originated from "Tripura Sundari" - the supreme deity of the state remarkable in Hindus as one of the fifty one peeths of Hindu Pilgrims. In addition to this it is also maintained that primarily the land was called Tuipra which connotes A land adjoining the water. Tour to Tripura India will be very exciting for you because of its ethnic cultural diversity, its bountiful natural purlieus, its temples, museums and palaces. Tripura has become a perfect travel holiday destination. Tourism attractions of Tripura inveigle flocks of tourists.
How to Reach Tripura
By Air: Agartala, the state capital has the main airport where many
public and private airlines operate regular flights. The state has 3 more
airports in Khowai, Kamalpur and Kailashahar where small chartered-planes
can land easily.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Kumarghat at a distance of
140 km. from Agartala. This railway station is connected to Guwahati which
is well connected by other cities.
By Road: NH 44 connects Agartala to Guwahati via Shillong. But
because of location reaching Tripura India is easier from Bangladesh by road.
The capital city of Tripura is a famous travel holiday destination of North East India.
Lying on the banks of Haora River, Tripura was the seat of the
Kings of Tripura of the Debbarman dynasty. It is city full of temples and
palaces. Tripura Tourism promotes many places of Interest in Agartala, visit the College Tilla (the
college premises of Agartala), Ujjayanta Palace (a Greek styled palace built
by by Maharaja Radha kishore Manikaya), Kunjaban Palace, Jagannath Temple,
Venuban Vihar, Buddha Mandir, Ravindra Kanan, State Museum, Tribal Museum,
Sukanta Academy, Laxminarayan Temple, Uma Maheswar Temple, Benuban Bihar,
Gedu Mian Mosque, Malanch Niwas, Rabindra Kanan, Purbasha, Handicrafts
Designing Centre, Fourteen Goddess Temple, Portuguese Church and Puratan
Deotamura: This site is remarkable for the rock cut
reliquary having antediluvian idols of Shiva, Ganesh, Vishnu, Kartikeya,
Mahishasur Mardini Durga and other gods and goddesses carved out of stone.
The large images carved on vertical rocks are immensely beautiful. You can
enjoy a boat ride here to enjoy the panaroma of lush green vegetations,
picturesque sites of hills and the breath taking sculptures.
Pilak: Dating back to 8th and 9th centuries it is a treasure
house of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures. Beautiful images of terracotta
plaques and sealing scattered in a vast area here showcases the existence of
skeptical classes, creeds and sects of people followers of both Hinduism and
Buddhism. Gargantuan stone images of Avolokiteshwar and Narasimha are also
worth seeing here.
Udaipur: Formerly called as Rangamati and Radha Kishorepur,
the city of Udaipur in Tripura India is a house of many temples. Tripura Sundri
temple or Mata Tripur Sundri (Maa Kali) temple, Bhubeneshwari temple,
Sepahijala-the wildlife sanctuary are must visit here.
Unakoti: It means One less than a crore and said
that these many rock cut engravings are available here. According to the
Hindu mythos Lord Shiva taook a night halt at this location when he was
going Varanasi / Kashi along with one crore God and Goddesses. The next
morning he asked other God and Goddesses to wake up and proceed for Kashi
but no except Shiva proceeded for Kashi. Lord Shiva cursed others and since
then they have transformed into stone images. Thereby there are one less
than crore images in a charming lush landscape.
Jampui Hill: It is home of eternal springs, beautiful land
scape and soothing climate, Jampui hill is most upcoming travel holidays tour.
The hill ranges shelters Mizo and Reango tribes.
You will find different species of orchids and other wild trees wearing
blossoms. You will enjoy sunset and sunrise here and good trekking routes.
Museums and Palaces of Tripura
Ujjayanta Palace: Built by Radhakishore Manikya Bahadur
in190, this Mughal and Indo Greek styled palace is located in the heart of
city. The palace has been embellished with lush gardens, pools and
fountains. You will see and enjoy the Musical Fountain on both sides of the
domes of this three storied structure, Flood Lightings and the exquisite
Neermahal Palace: This water palace built on
RudraSagar Lake is a royal Palace with influence of Hindu and Mughal
architecture. The castles, the whopping towers, the moats and the bridges
here are simply breath taking. The two parts of the palace, one on Western
side called Andar Mahal (used by the royal family) and the other one
on Eastern side (used by the security personnels and servants), flood
lighting, open stage theater is very lovely here. How about the Light and
Sound Show ! Yes, it has even more to it water sports. Great
recreation indeed !
Malancha Niwas: It is a bungalow adjoining the Kunjban
Palace located on a hillock. It was basically a Kachcha House where
RabindraNath Tagore stayed in 1919. It was gradually develpoed as a Pucca
House and named Malancha Niwas and has become a famous tourism destinaion in Tripura.
Tripura Government Museum: The museum preserves the arts and
crafts of Tripura consisting of rare stone and bronze idols and images,
ancient coins, archaeological items of Tripura and neighboring areas,
Embroidery of Bengal (Kantha) and Buddhist sculptures from Pilak dating back
to 8th to 10th century.
Wildlife holidays of Tripura
Tripura India tour will take you to rich in flora and fauna and so there are many wildlife
sanctuaries in Tripura that are a home to many animals, birds, insects and
Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary of South Tripura is
stretched in a vast area where it has a great water reservoir which attracts
several local resident birds along with some migratory birds. Elephants,
Bison, Sambar, Barking deer, Wild goat or Sarow apart from many other
animals and reptiles dwell in this sanctuary. If you are interested in Eco
Tourism then this is the best destination for you. Boasting of many species
of flora and fauna, it is rich in countless medical and therapeutical
botanical species of plants.
Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary: Expanded in a vast area this
sanctuary promotes various wildlife holiday tours to explore
rare and exotic birds and primates. You will also find a
Botanical Garden Zoo, which attracts a commoner and a Botanist alike, a lake
and plentiful species of tress. All through the year this sanctuary is
extremely green with plantation. Among primates you will see Rhesus,
macaque, Pigtailed macaque, Capped langur, and Spectacled langur. It is not
only a wildlife sanctuary but also a Research Center. The spectacular view
of 150 species of migratory and non migratory birds is bewitching. The
different sections of the sanctuary shelters different animals and birds,
Carnivores Section, Primate Section, Ungulate Section, Reptile Section and
Aviary Section. The lakes adorning the sanctuary like Abasarika and Amrit
Sagar lakes provide facilities of boating.
Gondacherra Wild Life Sanctuary:If you are looking for a
break from daily monotony come to this sanctuary and engross in pure and
serene ambience. Traveling deep in the dense forests where a rendezvous with
Tigers, Bison, Deers, various primates, even a few wild horses is possible
will be enthralling with a mix feeling of excitement and fear. The water
bodies adjoining the sanctuary is a home to many migratory and non migratory
The Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary: Expanded in a large area
this sanctuary is rich in vegetation and animals. It is kind of Research
Center for younger generation to speculate the natural habitats of animals
in depth. It has a huge collection of Indian Gaurs, migratory and resident
birds like Pheasant tailed Jacana, Red Jungle Fowl, White breasted king
Fisher, Indian Black drongo, primates and many animals. The water spots in
the sanctuary are for studying the animals and birds of the place.
Temples Tours of Tripura
TripuraSundari Temple: This temple, regarded as one of the
51 pithas of Hindu Pilgrimage, has a construction of sqaure type sanctum
fashioned in unique Bengali styled conical dome in Udaipur. Two identical
idols of the same deity, Tripura Sundari, one known as Choti Ma
and the other Tripura Sundari is remarkable feature of this
temple. It is also called Karma Pitha because of its tortoise
shaped like affinity. Ma Kali's idol of reddish black Kashti Patthar
in the temple is worshipped in Sorosho Form.
Temple: Standing at the river banks of Gomti in Udaipur, this temple
was built by Maharaja Govinda Manikya. The name of the temple got cannonized
through the works of RabindraNath Tagore, Visarjan and Rajarshi.
Jagannatha Temple: In addition to many temples of Vishnu,
many temples of Siva and Sakta sect are also found in Udaipur. This temple tour
is a specimen of Tripura exquisite architectural expertise. According to a
belief Daityanaryana, the General-in Chief of Maharaja Bijaya Manikya had
installed the idol of Lord Jagannatha brought from Puri.
Uma Maheshwar Temple: Located opposite to the Jagannatha
Temple, Uma Maheshwar temple is expanded on the grass land of Ujjyanta
Palace. The temple is Saffron in color as the Jagannatha temple and has
lavish green yards.
Kali Temple: Also called Kasba Kali Bari, this temple is
located on a mountain overlooking a water pool Kamla Sagar. You
will find affinity between the images of Dasabhuja Durga or
Mahishasurmardini with the images of this temple. The idol of Kali is made
of sand stone and the Shivalinga, stalagmite, at the feet has given it the
name of KaliBari. During the festival season the place is abuzz with
activities of infinite pilgrims.
Venuban Vihara: This Buddha shrine has a metal idol of
Buddha made primarily in Burma but later brought to Venuban Vihara. Buddha
Poornima is anually celebrated here with great zest and piety. The peaceful
and composed ambience of the temple is very relaxing. This small shrine
attracts many tourists and pilgrims.
Budha Temple: Located in the heart of city, Buddha Mandir,
is a much revered religious place. The two beautiful idols of Buddha and
Bodhisattva here are believed to have Burmese origin. The environ of the
temple is tranquil and so it tempts us to relax and refresh.
Benu Ban Bihari: This temple is a clincher of Tripura's
hospitality and adoption of other cultures and religions. Tourists are
attracted to the calm and peaceful temple and the monastery it has. It is
located in the heart of city so going on foot is also possible.
Culture of Tripura
Art And Craft Of Tripura
The people of Tripura India are adept artisans. The things they make are very
beautiful and useful . The state people are famous for CANE and BAMBOO work
including table mats, floor mats, room dividers, decorated wall panels,
attractive furniture of cane, various gift items, ceilings, paneling,
plaques, Pot containers (Planters), small-framed mirrors, hair clips, powder
cases, decorative trays. The elegant cane furniture of the state is exported
to other countries also. On Tripura tourism, check out Mudha,
the low stool made of bamboo and split cane. Special and peculiar ornaments
of bamboo and cane are made only in Tripura. So, if you are fond of chic
ethnic jewelery, then have some ornaments from Tripura.
Cultural holidays of Tripura also includes cultue tours of
Handicrafts And Handloom industry. It is
a replica of dexterityand exquisiteness of people of Tripura. Handloom is
the main craft of Tripura and so you will find Tripura handloom with
vertical and horizontal stripes with myriad of colors and embroidery.
Basketry is also equally important for Tripura India. You will easily find
different varieties of baskets like jamatia firewood basket, riang carrying
basket, tukri, karawala tukri, laii, sempa khari, date basket, turi, grain
storage basket, dulla and sudha - the traditional fish trap.
Pathla Rain Shield is a circular shade of cone ot have a guard against
rain. These shields are intricately made by the people of Tripura. SMOKING
PIPES made by the Riang tribe to smoke tobacco are also remarkable. It is
made in three parts with exclusive style.
Fish Traps And Fish Baskets are two more crafts of these people. Sudha and
Dulla are different kinds of baskets and traps for fishing.
will find many tribal and scheduled tribes communities in the state
representing a harmonious social milieu. These people speak Bengali, Tripuri
and Manipuri. The major tribes residing here are:
Tripuri Tribal Community : These people, living in hill slopes
in a group, the constitute the largest part of the population of the social
strata. Their typical houses are made of bamboo with a elevation of six feet
for defense against wild beasts. Gradually these people have shifted to
plains and adopted modern mannerisms in terms of dress, lifestyle etc. A
tripuri woman wears a scarp Parcha reaching down below the
knee. There are various holiday tour packages that include a trip to the tribal people of Tripura.
Reang Community : Reangs are the second biggest
community in the state. These people are much sophisticated and docile. Rai
is the term for the head for the community. These people have no normal
court of justice. Educationally and Economically backward, they are s still
the primitive group.
Chakma Community : These people, followers of Buddhism,
are found in the Sub-Divisions of Kailashahar, Amarpur, Sabroom, Udaipur,
Belonia and Kanchanpur. They are divided into many groups nad sections. The
chiefs of this community, called Dewans, enjoy immense powers
and authorities. The Chakma women are also adept in weaving like other
Halam(Malsum) Community : These people have hailed from
sects of Kukis wh olive din Tripura even before Tripuris conquered the land.
The Kukis who submitted to Raja of Tripur are called Halams. These tribes
were divided in 12 groups or dafas. Gradually now there are sixteen clans.
They are followers of Sakt cult and believe in offerings and sacrifices to
avoid calamities. They solve their disputes in a social gathering at Puja
for harmony and peace.
Garo Community : These people live in the South and
Dhalai District of Tripura. Primarily they lived in Tong Ghar of Bamboo but
now they prefer to have houses made of mud walls with Chan grass
or roof. Like other tribes they also have unique lifestyle. Sangnakma
are the heads of the community and Kama is the priest of the
Lusai Community : They are basically residents of the
east and north east hills of Tripura, but now setteld in Jampui hills. Their
socail lifestyle and customs attracts others. They make their livelihood by
Jhoom cultivation living at high altitudes of hills.
Darlong community : These people, living mostly in
Kailashahar Sub-Division in North Tripura District, are the sub castes of
the Lusai community. Their main occupation is producing pineapple, orange
Moghs: This is another group of Tripuris residing in
Arahan. They do not believe in any discrimation on the basis of community.
They are very disciplined and peace loving people. The Mogh women are strong
built and sedulous and fond of jewelery. Their occupation is jhoom
cultivation and plough cultivation.
Fairs And Festivals Of Tripura
Tripura Tourism organize many fairs and festivals to facilitate
tourist flow in the city. Some of the festivals to participate in are.
Puja- It is celebrated on the 7th of April to seek prosperity and enjoyment
round the year. It is marked with sacrifices of cocks, hordes of devotees,
both men and women.
Kharchi Puja: This puja held in July is an attraction for
all people visiting the Chaturdas Deutas Temple in Old Agartala to worship
the fourteen deities of head image.
Ker Puja: It is a tribal festival celebrated within
particular boundaries which is not allowed to be trespassed by anyone else.
Durga Puja: During the month of October/ November, durga
Puja is celebrated with great active participation. After the celebrations
end, the idols of Durga are taken in a procession and immersed in water
Tirthamukh: It is celebrated in January / February during
the Uttarayan Sankranti by a lot many devout. People gather and take holy
bath irrespective of their caste, class, creed or race during the festival.
Garia Dance: This dance is performed by tripuris to thank
God Garia for good harvest. This seven day long carnival
involves dancing and singing to please the deity God.
Lebang Boomani Dance: When Tripuris expect monsoons after
Garia, they dance during the period. This is the best time for a travel holiday
in Tripura as the entire city come alive. Men make intricate rhythmically sweet
sounds with bamboo chips to take the insects out of their hiding places and
women run after the insects called 'Lebang' to catch them.
Hozagiri Dance: This dance form of Raeng community is
unique. Restricted use of hands or upper part of body and graceful use of
waist down body parts make it very charming. Women wear Parcha and Rea, coin
ring and other beautiful ornaments.
Bizu Dance: This dance of Chakma community dentoes end of
Bengali Calendar. They bid farewell to the bygone year and welcome the new
year. 'Khenggarang' and 'Dhukuk' musical instruments (sorts of flutes) are
played during the dance performance. The Chakma women put flower in their
hair and wear jewelery.
Hai Hak Dance: This is a dance form of Halam
community during the culmination of harvesting season when they
traditionally worship Laxmi. It is community dance with immense zest and
grace depicting the traditional heritage of the past.
Wangala Dance: After a good harvest this dance is performed
in every house. The head of the community visit each house and cuts a
pumpkin as an integral part of worship. After the sacrifice of pumpkin women
dance to the tunes of 'Dama' and 'Aaduri'. It is a kind of rehearsal for
Welcome Dance: In this Lusai community dance the girls clad
vibrantly in gaudy attires. They perform this dance on arrival of any guest
to their house. As they dress up colorfully there is no room for ornaments
but only some fragrant flowers.